Technical Bulletins - Terneros

On this page you will find an overview of our Technical Bulletins about calves.

Click on the title of the Bulletin to request the document.

S19.1 Solid feed for rumination - our vision

The composition and quality of different kinds of solid feed are discussed. 

An overview of the different feeding systems for calves, with each system's pros and cons discussed.

S17.1 How to tackle lung problems of newborn calves? 

A summary of the most important factors that cause lung problems followed by a recommendation how to decrease the number of lung treatments that is needed.

S16.3 Guidelines for calf rearing 

A set of guidelines to achieve the best possible result in calf rearing. Colostrum, housing, feed and health are discussed. Recommendations and practical tips are given.

S16.2 Quality of calf milk replacers 

The influence of raw materials, protein in particular, on the quality of calf milk replacers and calf rearing in general. Protein digestion, protein sources, protein levels and protein types are discussed.

S16.1 Water quality and quantity for your calves

The benefits of sufficient water quantity and the most important parameters that determine water quantity.

S15.4 Housing 

Optimal housing conditions for calves, with a focus on individual housing, housing on straw, space, draught, ventilation and temperature. 

S15.3 Effects of weaning age  

The risks of weaning calves early supported by trial results and advice regarding CMR to ensure good health and growth. 

Arguments for feeding calf milk replacer instead of cow milk to calves.

S15.1 The importance of feeding colostrum to new-born calves 

Feeding colostrum to the calves directly after birth is very important for the passive immunity and protein level in the blood is a good indicator for this. It is recommended to analyze protein level of calves on a regular base to check the colostrum quality and immunoglobulin transfer.

S14.5 Supplementing cow milk with Calf Milk Replacer 

Instructions on how much and how to mix calf milk replacer.

S14.4 How to gain more growth in the milk period? 

The effect of the total quantity of milk replacer on the calf’s growth and. Comparison between 25 kg CMR and 35 kg CMR during the milk period. Comparison between 35 kg CMR and 50 kg CMR during the milk period.

S14.3 Antibiotics in dairy cow milk and the development of resistance 

The effects of feeding cow milk containing antibiotics to calves (waste milk).

S14.2 Feed forage feed to start calves? 

Calves need solid feed for their rumen development, growth and for a smooth switch during the weaning period to a complete solid feed ration. We recommend straw as forage feed, min. 10-20% of total solid feed intake or ad-libitum should be provided.

S14.1 Intestinal health: The effects of feed additives 

Five groups of feed additives (organic acids, essential oils and plant extracts, probiotics, prebiotics and immunoglobulins) and their effects on gut health.

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